MOSQUITO ISSUE INDIA
MOSQUITOES ISSUE AND HOW TO HANDLE MOSQUITOES IN INDIA?
There are more mosquitoes in the world than humans with 3450 different species always parched for blood to survive and multiply. Breeding in still water, they can be found anywhere, be it in a pond or an old tire filled with rainwater.
Being a vector of various deadly diseases, mosquitoes have become a serious threat in various parts of the world, especially the developing world. Looking at the statistics, i.e.; over one million human deaths per year are caused by mosquito bites; it makes them the most deadly animal in the world.
Few of the most deadly mosquito-borne diseases that have plagued in the recent years are as follows:
Dengue is a fever caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. The symptoms include high fever, headache, rashes, and pain behind the eyes, nausea, vomiting and joint pains.
Malaria is caused by four species of the genus Plasmodium and is considered as the deadliest among all the mosquito-borne diseases since it affects the brain. From shaking chills to high fever to nausea, headache, vomiting include the symptoms of malaria.
Chikungunya is spread by the infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. It causes debilitating pain in the joints along with fever, fatigue, and headache. There is no specific cure for this disease and the treatment is mostly focused on reliving the symptoms.
Due to climate change, increasing population coupled with rapid urbanization and unsanitary disposal of solid wastes in water bodies, the incidents of mosquito-borne diseases have risen exponentially in the recent years all across developing nations, especially urban areas.
If we look closer at home, India has become notorious for being the breeding ground for these diseases and has seen a few epidemics of dengue and chikungunya in recent years. Poorly planned urbanization and failed implementation of mosquito control programmers are being blamed for the outbreak of diseases every year, especially during the monsoon season.